RUSSIAN | NCCA-KALININGRAD.RU

SHUM Irene/USA

(born June 1971, Illinois, USA)

Lives in New York, USA

Education
2000
school of architecture, Yale university
1997-2000
exhibition committee
2000
teaching fellow, 778b paris: architecture and urbanism
1999
teaching assistant, 951a landscape, architecture and art
1998
urban design workshop fellow, NAAB exhibition

ecole des beaux arts (fontainebleau), summer session 1998
prix de ville de fontainebleau
barnard college, columbia university · b.a.1994
major: architecture - art history

fondation des etats-unis, universite de paris, cite internationale
artist-in-residence, 10/92 - 1/93

"Nothing stays the same", 1999, b/w photography, silver print.
Most people often think of violence as removed from everyday reality. It exists between warring factions in some distant land. Kosovo. Bosnia. Serbia. Palestine. Pakistan. Somalia. Rwanda. East Timor. Those are the battlegrounds where execution and torture occur, far from the comforts of domestic life, brought into the home through a television transmission.
I argue that torture and execution is much more insipid, and its locus much more commonplace, where the fighting is not over ideology or religion, but over a meal not prepared at the usual time, heat and electric bills, a bad day at work, or maybe nothing at all. This happens is all nations. In America, a wide scale study of couples found that 13% of men had physically abused their partners in the past year.1 Over 33% of these aggressive acts were classified as severe: punching, beating up, threating with a knife or gun.2 Women are up to six times as likely to suffer violence at the hands of a partner than from a stranger, 3, 4 and are more like to suffer injury when their assailant is an intimate.5 Almost 1,700 women are killed each year by their partners.6 In Russia, approximately 14,500 women were are killed by their husbands or partners.7 These deaths are executions: the victims were singled out by their aggressors and probably physically abused long before their death.
Violence is when someone forces their will upon you:
Torture is when you are made to feel that imposition.
Torture can be as simple as the back of your husband's hand.

1. Straus and R.J. Gelles, Societal change and change in family Violence from 1975 to 1985 as revealed by two national surveys. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1986. 48, 465-479.
2. Straus and R.J. Gelles, Physical viiolence in American families: Risk factors and adaptation to violence in 8145 families, Transaction, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1990.
3. Bachman and L.E. Saltzman, Violence Against Women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. U.S. Department of Justive Special Report NCJ-154348, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Statistics, 1995.
4. Koss, P.G. Koss, and W.J. Woodruff, Deleterious effects of criminal victimization on women's health and medical utilizatopm, Archives of Internal Medicine. 151. 342-347.
5. Bachman and L.E. Saltzman, Violence Against Women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. U.S. Department of Justive Special Report NCJ-154348, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Statistics, 1995.
6. Steinmetz, Vilence between family Members, Marriage and Family Review, 1978. 1, 1-16.
7. Analitichesky V'ypusk #15, Federalnoe Sobranie, M., 1996


'Nothing stays the same', 1999, b/w photography, silver print.





















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